WasmEdge CLI tools for Android

In this section, we will show you how to use WasmEdge CLI tools on Android devices. We will showcase a full WasmEdge demo to perform image classification (Tensorflow-based AI inference) on an Android device.

Install Android version of WasmEdge-TensorFlow-Tools

First, install WasmEdge-TensorFlow-Tools pre-release on your Android device. It works with the Android version of TensorFlow-Lite dynamic shared library.


Android developer options

Currently, WasmEdge only supports the arm64-v8a architecture on Android devices. You need an arm64-v8a Android simulator or a physical device with developer options turned on. WasmEdge requires Android 6.0 and above.

Android development CLI

In Ubuntu Linux, you can use the apt-get command to install Android debugging and testing tool adb. Using the adb shell command on the Ubuntu dev machine, you can open a CLI shell to execute commands on the connected Android device.

$ sudo apt-get install adb
$ adb devices
* daemon not running; starting now at tcp:5037
* daemon started successfully
List of devices attached
c657c643 device
$ adb shell
sirius:/ $

Install WasmEdge-TensorFlow-Tools packages

Use the following commands on your Ubuntu dev machine to download the WasmEdge-TensorFlow-Tools pre-release packages.

$ wget https://github.com/second-state/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools/releases/download/0.10.0-alpha.1/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools-0.10.0-alpha.1-android_aarch64.tar.gz
$ mkdir WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools && tar zxvf WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools-0.10.0-alpha.1-android_aarch64.tar.gz -C WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools

Install Android version of the TensorFlow-Lite shared library

We provide an Android compatible version of TensorFlow-Lite dynamic shared library in the WasmEdge-Tensorflow-deps package. Download the package to your Ubuntu dev machine as follows.

$ wget https://github.com/second-state/WasmEdge-tensorflow-deps/releases/download/0.10.0-alpha.1/WasmEdge-tensorflow-deps-TFLite-0.10.0-alpha.1-android_aarch64.tar.gz
$ tar zxvf WasmEdge-tensorflow-deps-TFLite-0.10.0-alpha.1-android_aarch64.tar.gz -C WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools

Next use the adb tool to push the downloaded WasmEdge-TensorFlow packages onto a connected Android device.

adb push WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools /data/local/tmp

Try it out

Sample application

In this example, we will demonstrate a standard WasmEdge Tensorflow-Lite sample application. It can recognize and classify the bird type from a JPG or PNG picture of a bird. The explanation of the source code can be found here.

git clone https://github.com/second-state/wasm-learning.git
cd wasm-learning/rust/birds_v1

Use the cargo command to build a Wasm bytecode file from the Rust source code. The Wasm file is located at target/wasm32-wasi/release/birds_v1.wasm.

rustup target add wasm32-wasi
cargo build --release --target=wasm32-wasi

Push the Wasm bytecode file, tensorflow lite model file, and the test bird picture file onto the Android device using adb.

adb push target/wasm32-wasi/release/birds_v1.wasm /data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools
adb push lite-model_aiy_vision_classifier_birds_V1_3.tflite /data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools
adb push bird.jpg /data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools

Run the WasmEdge-TensorFlow-Tools

Type adb shell from the Ubuntu CLI to open a command shell for the connected Android device. Confirm that the tools, programs, and test image are all available on the Android device under the /data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools folder.

$ adb shell
sirius:/ $ cd /data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools
sirius:/data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools $ ls
bird.jpg               lite-model_aiy_vision_classifier_birds_V1_3.tflite 
birds_v1.wasm          show-tflite-tensor                                 
libtensorflowlite_c.so wasmedge-tensorflow-lite

Load the TensorFlow-Lite dynamic shared library, and use the show-tflite-tensor CLI tool to examine the Tensorflow Lite model file.

sirius:/data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools $ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=.:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
sirius:/data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools $ chmod 777 show-tflite-tensor
sirius:/data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools $ ./show-tflite-tensor lite-model_aiy_vision_classifier_birds_V1_3.tflite
INFO: Initialized TensorFlow Lite runtime.
Input tensor nums: 1
    Input tensor name: module/hub_input/images_uint8
        dimensions: [1 , 224 , 224 , 3]
        data type: UInt8
        tensor byte size: 150528
Output tensor nums: 1
    Output tensor name: module/prediction
        dimensions: [1 , 965]
        data type: UInt8
        tensor byte size: 965

Use the extended WasmEdge Runtime in wasmedge-tensorflow-lite to execute the compiled Wasm program on the Android device. It loads the Tensorflow Lite model and bird image, and outputs the bird classification and its confidence.

sirius:/data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools $ chmod 777 wasmedge-tensorflow-lite
sirius:/data/local/tmp/WasmEdge-tensorflow-tools $ ./wasmedge-tensorflow-lite --dir .:. birds_v1.wasm lite-model_aiy_vision_classifier_birds_V1_3.tflite bird.jpg
INFO: Initialized TensorFlow Lite runtime.
166 : 0.84705883

The result shows that the bird type is in line 166 of the label file (Sicalis flaveola) and the confidence level is 84.7%.