Let's build a container image for a WebAssembly HTTP service. The HTTP service application is developed in Rust using the WasmEdge networking socket API. Kubernetes could manage the wasm application lifecycle with CRI-O, Docker and Containerd.
mkdir http_server cd http_server wget -q https://raw.githubusercontent.com/second-state/wasmedge_wasi_socket/main/examples/http_server/Cargo.toml mkdir src cd src wget -q https://raw.githubusercontent.com/second-state/wasmedge_wasi_socket/main/examples/http_server/src/main.rs cd ../
rustup target add wasm32-wasi cargo build --target wasm32-wasi --release
The wasm bytecode application is now should be located in the
You can now test run it with wasmedge and then publish it as a container image.
chmod +x ./target/wasm32-wasi/release/http_server.wasm
When you run the bytecode with wasmedge and see the result as the following, you are ready to package the bytecode into the container.
$ wasmedge ./target/wasm32-wasi/release/http_server.wasm new connection at 1234
You can test the server from another terminal window.
$ curl -X POST http://127.0.0.1:1234 -d 'name=WasmEdge' echo: name=WasmEdge
Create a file called
Dockerfile in the
target/wasm32-wasi/release/ folder with the following content:
FROM scratch ADD http_server.wasm / CMD ["/http_server.wasm"]
Please note that adding self-defined annotation is still a new feature in buildah.
crun container runtime can start the above WebAssembly-based container image. But it requires the
module.wasm.image/variant=compat annotation on the container image to indicate that it is a WebAssembly application without a guest OS. You can find the details in Official crun repo.
module.wasm.image/variant=compat annotation in the container image, you will need the latest buildah. Currently, Docker does not support this feature. Please follow the install instructions of buildah to build the latest buildah binary.
On Ubuntu zesty and xenial, use these commands to prepare for buildah.
sudo apt-get -y install software-properties-common export OS="xUbuntu_20.04" sudo bash -c "echo \"deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/kubic:/libcontainers:/stable/$OS/ /\" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable.list" sudo bash -c "curl -L https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/kubic:/libcontainers:/stable/$OS/Release.key | apt-key add -" sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:alexlarsson/flatpak sudo apt-get -y -qq update sudo apt-get -y install bats git libapparmor-dev libdevmapper-dev libglib2.0-dev libgpgme-dev libseccomp-dev libselinux1-dev skopeo-containers go-md2man containers-common sudo apt-get -y install golang-1.16 make
Then, follow these steps to build and install buildah on Ubuntu.
mkdir -p ~/buildah cd ~/buildah export GOPATH=`pwd` git clone https://github.com/containers/buildah ./src/github.com/containers/buildah cd ./src/github.com/containers/buildah PATH=/usr/lib/go-1.16/bin:$PATH make cp bin/buildah /usr/bin/buildah buildah --help
target/wasm32-wasi/release/ folder, do the following.
sudo buildah build --annotation "module.wasm.image/variant=compat" -t http_server . # # make sure docker is install and running # systemctl status docker # to make sure regular user can use docker # sudo usermod -aG docker $USER# # newgrp docker # You may need to use docker login to create the `~/.docker/config.json` for auth. # # docker login sudo buildah push --authfile ~/.docker/config.json http_server docker://docker.io/avengermojo/http_server:with-wasm-annotation